Durgapur is a city in the Burdwan District in the state of West Bengal India. Durgapur is the third largest city in West Bengal in terms of both area (154.20 sq. km / 59.54 sq. miles) and population (5,66,937) (2011 census & excluding the urban agglomeration).It is also one of the six Municipal Corporations in West Bengal and the headquarter of the Durgapur subdivision consisting of the Durgapur Municipal Corporation and five community development blocs: Durgapur–Faridpur, Galsi–I, Kanksa, Andal and Pandabeswar. The five blocks contain 36 gram panchayats and 30 census towns. Distances from Kolkata: By Road 170 km via NH-2, by Rail 158 km and by Flight 163 km. Durgapur Urban Agglomeration includes: Durgapur (Municipal Corp.), Bamunara (Census Town) and Arrah (Census Town) and ranks 4th (in terms of population) among other urban agglomerations in West Bengal. Durgapur is also one of the three Y (for the purpose of HRA [House Rent Allowance] calculation) class cities in West Bengal.
It was a dream child of Dr. Bidhan Chandra Roy, the second chief minister of the state. The industrial township was designed by Joseph Allen Stein and Benjamin Polk. and is home to one of the largest industrial units in the state, Durgapur Steel Plant, one of the integrated steel plants of Steel Authority of India Limited. Alloy Steels Plant of S.A.I.L. and Central Mechanical Engineering Research Institute (C.M.E.R.I.), a C.S.I.R. laboratory, are also here. Allied ICD Services Limited, the custodian of the only operational inland port (ICD Durgapur) in Eastern India, is situated in Durgapur as well. There are four power plants Durgapur Projects Limited (D.P.L.), Durgapur Thermal Power Station, Damodar Valley Corporation & N.S.P.C.L., and some chemical and engineering industries at Durgapur. Some metallurgical units have come up in recent years. The National Institute of Technology, Durgapur (earlier known as Durgapur Regional Engineering College) is one of the most prominent seats of the Indian Central Government's Engineering and Technological Education.